The international conference on “the Beginnings of the Use of Metals and Alloys” (BUMA) is the interdisciplinary gathering of scientists, engineers, archaeologists and historians with a focus on production and use of metals, and an emphasis on cultural interactions and evolutions over time and space especially between the West and the Asian region.
BUMA was founded in 1981 by two eminent archaeometallurgists Prof. Robert Maddin in Philadelphia USA and Prof Tsun Ko in Beijing, China, with the strong support of late Professors Cyril Stanley Smith (MIT) and Yunoshin Imai (Tohoku University) from the second Conference on. From Beijing in 1981 BUMA has traveled to Zhengzhou, China (1986), Sanmenxia, China (1992), Matsue, Japan (1998), Gyeongju, Korea (2002), Beijing, China (2006), Bangalore, India (2009). Nara, Japan(2013)
BUMA IX will be held in Busan, Korea in 2017. As the largest harbor of Korea, there are many historical and cultural attractions in Busan.

Important Dates

Abstract (within 1 page) submission Deadline: March 31, 2017
Abstract Acceptance: April 30, 2017
Advance registration Deadline: June 30, 2017
Final Programme: July 31, 2017
Conference: October 16-19, 2017
Full paper (within 8 pages) submission Deadline: October 18, 2017

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